For queries relating to the status of your paper pre decision, please contact the Editor or Journal Editorial Office. For queries post acceptance, please contact the Supplier Project Manager. These details can be found in the Editorial Team section.
Our goal is to provide you with a professional and courteous experience at each stage of the review and publication process. There are also some responsibilities that sit with you as the author. Our expectation is that you will:
Our editors and employees work hard to ensure the content we publish is ethically sound. To help us achieve that goal, we closely follow the advice laid out in the guidelines and flowcharts on theCOPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) website.
We have also developed ourresearch and publishing ethics guidelines. If you haven’t already read these, we urge you to do so – they will help you avoid the most common publishing ethics issues.
Prior to article submission,you need to ensure you’ve applied for, and received,written permission to use any material in your manuscript that has been created by a third party. Please note, we areunable to publish any article that still has permissions pending.The rights we requireare:
We area member of theInternational Association of Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishers(STM)and participatein theSTM permissions guidelines, a reciprocal free exchange of material with other STM publishers. In some cases, this may mean that you don’t need permission to re-use content.If so, please highlight this at the submission stage.
Please take a few moments to read ourguide to publishing permissionsto ensure you have met all the requirements, so that we can process your submission without delay.
This is a sponsored open access journal, also referred to as platinum open access. Because it is published in partnership with an organisation, your article will be published open access, but you will not have to pay an APC (article processing charge) - publication is free. Your article will be published with aCreative Commons CC BY 4.0 user licence, which outlines how readers can reuse your work.
You can find out more about our open access routes and read our FAQson our open research page.
We are a signatory of theTransparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines, a framework that supports the reproducibility of research through the adoption of transparent research practices. That means we encourage you to:
We arepleased to partner withEditage,a platform that connects you with relevant experts in language support, translation, editing, visuals, consulting, and more. After you’ve agreed a fee, they will work with you to enhance your manuscript and get it submission-ready.
This is an optional service for authors who feel they need a little extra support. It does not guarantee your work will be accepted for review or publication.
Before you submit your manuscript, it’s important you read and follow the guidelines below. You will also find some useful tips in ourstructureyour journal submissionhow-to guide.
Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format
While you are welcome to submit a PDF of the document alongside the Word file, PDFs alone are not acceptable. LaTeX files can also be used but only if an accompanying PDF document is provided. Acceptable figure file types are listed further below.
Article length / word count
Articles should be up to a maximum of 9000 words in length. This includes all text, for example, the structured abstract, references, all text in tables, and figures and appendices.
Please allow 280 words for each figure or table.
A concisely worded title should be provided.
The names of all contributing authors should be added to the ScholarOne submission; please list them in the order in which you’d like them to be published. Each contributing author will need their own ScholarOne author account, from which we will extract the following details:
- Author email address(institutional preferred).
- Author name. We will reproduce it exactly, so any middle names and/or initials they want featured must be included.
- Author affiliation. This should be where they were based when the research for the paper was conducted.
In multi-authored papers, it’s important that ALL authors that have made a significant contribution to the paper are listed. Those who have provided support but have not contributed to the research should be featured in an acknowledgements section. You should never include people who have not contributed to the paper or who don’t want to be associated with the research. Read about ourresearch ethicsfor authorship.
Biographies and acknowledgements
If you want to include these items, save them in a separate MicrosoftWord document and upload the file with your submission. Where they are included, a brief professional biography of not more than 100 words should be supplied for each named author.
Your article must reference all sources of external research funding in the acknowledgements section. You should describe the role of the funder or financial sponsor in the entire research process, from study design to submission.
All submissions must include a structured abstract, following the format outlined below.
These four sub-headings and their accompanying explanations must always be included:
The following three sub-headings are optional and can be included, if applicable:
- Research limitations/implications
- Practical implications
- Social implications
You can find some useful tips in ourwritean article abstracthow-to guide.
The maximum length of your abstract should be 250 words in total, including keywords and article classification (see the sections below).
Your submission should include up to 12 appropriate and short keywords that capture the principal topics of the paper. OurCreating an SEO-friendly manuscripthow to guide contains some practical guidance on choosing search-engine friendly keywords.
Please note, while we will always try to use the keywords you’ve suggested, the in-house editorial team may replace some of them with matching terms to ensure consistency across publications and improve your article’s visibility.
During the submission process, you will be asked to select a type for your paper; the options are listed below. If you don’t see an exact match, please choose the best fit:
You will also be asked to select a category for your paper. The options for this are listed below. If you don’t see an exact match, please choose the best fit:
Research paper.Reports on any type of research undertaken by the author(s), including:
- The construction or testing of a model or framework
- Action research
- Testing of data, market research or surveys
- Empirical, scientific or clinical research
- Papers with a practical focus
Viewpoint.Covers any paper where content is dependent on the author's opinion and interpretation. This includes journalistic and magazine-style pieces.
Technical paper.Describes and evaluates technical products, processes or services.
Conceptual paper.Focuses on developing hypotheses and is usually discursive. Covers philosophical discussions and comparative studies of other authors’ work and thinking.
Case study.Describes actual interventions or experiences within organizations. It can be subjective and doesn’t generally report on research. Also covers a description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise.
Literature review.This category should only be used if the main purpose of the paper is to annotate and/or critique the literature in a particular field. It could be a selective bibliography providing advice on information sources, or the paper may aim to cover the main contributors to the development of a topic and explore their different views.
General review.Provides an overview or historical examination of some concept, technique or phenomenon. Papers are likely to be more descriptive or instructional (‘how to’ papers) than discursive.
Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the required hierarchy.
The preferred format is for first level headings to be in bold, and subsequent sub-headings to be in medium italics.
Notes or endnotes should only be used if absolutely necessary. They should be identified in the text by consecutive numbers enclosed in square brackets. These numbers should then be listed, and explained, at the end of the article.
An appropriate number of JEL codes should be included in you manuscript. This classification system is prepared and published by the Journal of Economic Literature, see: https://www.aeaweb.org/econlit/jelCodes.php?view=jel
All figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, webpages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted electronically. Both colour and black and white files are accepted.
There are a few other important points to note:
- All figures should be supplied at the highest resolution/quality possible with numbers and text clearly legible.
- Acceptable formats are .ai, .eps, .jpeg, .bmp, and .tif.
- Electronic figures created in other applications should be supplied in their original formats and should also be either copied and pasted into a blank MS Word document, or submitted as a PDF file.
- All figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and have clear captions.
- All photographs should be numbered as Plate 1, 2, 3, etc. and have clear captions.
- All figure/table captions should include the necessary credit line, acknowledgement, or attribution if you have been given permission to use the figure/table; if the figure/table is the property of the author(s), this should be acknowledged in the caption.
Tables should be typed and submitted in a separate file to the main body of the article. The position of each table should be clearly labelled in the main body of the article with corresponding labels clearly shown in the table file. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Roman numerals (e.g. I, II, etc.).
Give each table a brief title. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.
Where tables, figures, appendices, and other additional content are supplementary to the article but not critical to the reader’s understanding of it, you can choose to host these supplementary files alongside your article on Insight, Emerald’s content hosting platform, or on an institutional or personal repository. All supplementary material must be submitted prior to acceptance.
If you choose to host your supplementary files on Insight, you must submit these as separate files alongside your article. Files should be clearly labelled in such a way that makes it clear they are supplementary; Emerald recommends that the file name is descriptive and that it follows the format ‘Supplementary_material_appendix_1’ or ‘Supplementary tables’.All supplementary material must be mentioned at the appropriate moment in the main text of the article, there is no need to include the content of the file but only the file name. A link to the supplementary material will be added to the article during production, and the material will be made available alongside the main text of the article at the point of EarlyCite publication.
Please note that Emerald will not make any changes to the material; it will not be copyedited, typeset, and authors will not receive proofs. Emerald therefore strongly recommends that you style all supplementary material ahead of acceptance of the article.
Emerald Insight can host the following file types and extensions:
- Adobe Acrobat (.pdf)
- MS Word document (.doc, .docx)
- MS Excel (.xls, xlsx)
- MS PowerPoint (.pptx)
- Image (.png, .jpeg, .gif)
- Plain ASCII text (.txt)
- PostScript (.ps)
- Rich Text Format (.rtf)
If you choose to use an institutional or personal repository, you should ensure that the supplementary material is hosted on the repository ahead of submission, and then include a link only to the repository within the article. It is the responsibility of the submitting author to ensure that the material is free to access and that it remains permanently available.
Please note that extensive supplementary material may be subject to peer review; this is at the discretion of the journal Editor and dependent on the content of the material (for example, whether including it would support the reviewer making a decision on the article during the peer review process).
All references in your manuscript must be formatted using one of the recognised Harvard styles. You are welcome to use the Harvard style Emerald has adopted – we’ve provided a detailed guide below. Want to use a different Harvard style? That’s fine, our typesetters will make any necessary changes to your manuscript if it is accepted. Please ensure you check all your citations forcompleteness, accuracy and consistency.
Emerald’s Harvard referencing style
References to other publications in your text should be written as follows:
- Single author: (Adams, 2006)
- Two authors: (Adams and Brown, 2006)
- Three or more authors: (Adamset al., 2006) Please note, ‘et al' should always be written in italics.
A few other style points. These apply to both the main body of text and your final list of references.
- When referring to pages in a publication, use ‘p.(page number)’ for a single page or ‘pp.(page numbers)’ to indicate a page range.
- Page numbers should always be written out in full, e.g. 175-179, not 175-9.
- Where a colon or dash appears in the title of an article or book chapter, the letter that follows that colon or dash should always be lower case.
- When citing a work with multiple editors, use the abbreviation ‘Ed.s’.
At the end of your paper, please supply a reference list in alphabetical order using the style guidelines below. Where a DOI is available, this should be included at the end of the reference.
Surname, initials (year),title of book, publisher, place of publication.
e.g. Harrow, R. (2005),No Place to Hide, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY.
For book chapters
Surname, initials (year), "chapter title", editor's surname, initials(Ed.),title of book, publisher, place of publication, page numbers.
e.g. Calabrese, F.A. (2005), "The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum", Stankosky, M. (Ed.),Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp.15-20.
Surname, initials (year), "title of article",journal name, volume issue, page numbers.
e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Ferguson, R. (2005), "Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century",Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp.72-80.
Surname, initials (year of publication), "title of paper", in editor’s surname, initials (Ed.),title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, publisher, place of publication, page numbers.
e.g. Wilde, S. and Cox, C. (2008), “Principal factors contributing to the competitiveness of tourism destinations at varying stages of development”, in Richardson, S., Fredline, L., Patiar A., & Ternel, M. (Ed.s),CAUTHE 2008: Where the 'bloody hell' are we?, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Qld, pp.115-118.
Surname, initials (year), "title of paper", paper presented at [name of conference], [date of conference], [place of conference], available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date).
e.g. Aumueller, D. (2005), "Semantic authoring and retrieval within a wiki", paper presented at the European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 29 May-1 June, Heraklion, Crete, available at:http://dbs.uni-leipzig.de/file/aumueller05wiksar.pdf (accessed 20 February 2007).
For working papers
Surname, initials (year), "title of article", working paper [number if available], institution or organization, place of organization, date.
e.g. Moizer, P. (2003), "How published academic research can inform policy decisions: the case of mandatory rotation of audit appointments", working paper, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, 28 March.
For encyclopaedia entries
(with no author or editor)
Title of encyclopaedia(year), "title of entry", volume, edition, title of encyclopaedia, publisher, place of publication, page numbers.
e.g.Encyclopaedia Britannica(1926), "Psychology of culture contact", Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp.765-771.
(for authored entries, please refer to book chapter guidelines above)
Surname, initials (year), "article title",newspaper, date, page numbers.
e.g. Smith, A. (2008), "Money for old rope",Daily News, 21 January, pp.1, 3-4.
Newspaper(year), "article title", date, page numbers.
e.g.Daily News(2008), "Small change", 2 February, p.7.
For archival or other unpublished sources
Surname, initials (year), "title of document", unpublished manuscript, collection name, inventory record, name of archive, location of archive.
e.g. Litman, S. (1902), "Mechanism & Technique of Commerce", unpublished manuscript, Simon Litman Papers, Record series 9/5/29 Box 3, University of Illinois Archives, Urbana-Champaign, IL.
For electronic sources
If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as the date that the resource was accessed.
Surname, initials (year), “title of electronic source”, available at: persistent URL (accessed date month year).
e.g. Weida, S. and Stolley, K. (2013), “Developing strong thesis statements”, available at: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/588/1/ (accessed 20 June 2018)
Standalone URLs, i.e. those without an author or date, should be included either inside parentheses within the main text, or preferably set as a note (Roman numeral within square brackets within text followed by the full URL address at the end of the paper).
Surname, initials (year),title of dataset, name of data repository, available at: persistent URL, (accessed date month year).
e.g. Campbell, A. and Kahn, R.L. (2015),American National Election Study, 1948, ICPSR07218-v4, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributor), Ann Arbor, MI, available at:https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07218.v4 (accessed 20 June 2018)
There are a number of key steps you should follow to ensure a smooth and trouble-free submission.
Before submitting your work, it is your responsibility to check that the manuscript is complete, grammatically correct, and without spelling or typographical errors. A few other important points:
All manuscripts should be submitted through our editorial systemby the corresponding author.
A separate author account is required for each journal you submit to. If this is your first time submitting to this journal, please choose theCreate an accountorRegister nowoption in the editorial system. If you already have an Emerald login, you are welcome to reuse the existing username and password here.
Please note, the next time you log into the system, you will be asked for your username. This will be the email address you entered when you set up your account.
Don't forget to add yourORCiD IDduring the submission process. It will be embedded in your published article, along with a link to the ORCiD registry allowing others to easily match you with your work.
You will receive an automated email from the journal editor, confirming your successful submission. It will provide you with a manuscript number, which will be used in all future correspondence about your submission. If you have any reason to suspect the confirmation email you receive might be fraudulent, please contact our Rights team on[emailprotected]
Each submission is checked by the editor. At this stage, they may choose to decline or unsubmit your manuscript if it doesn’t fit the journal aims and scope, or they feel the language/manuscript quality is too low.
If they think it might be suitable for the publication, they will send it to at least two independent referees for double anonymous peer review. Once these reviewers have provided their feedback, the editor may decide to accept your manuscript, request minor or major revisions, or decline your work.
While all journals work to different timescales, the goal is that the editor will inform you of their first decision within 60 days.
During this period, we will send you automated updates on the progress of your manuscript via our submission system, or you can log in to check on the current status of your paper. Each time we contact you, we will quote the manuscript number you were given at the point of submission. If you receive an email that does not match these criteria, it could be fraudulent and we recommend you email[emailprotected].
All accepted authors are sent an email with a link to a licence form. This should be checked for accuracy, for example whether contact and affiliation details are up to date and your name is spelled correctly, and then returned to us electronically.
Once we have received your completed licence form, the article will pass directly into the production process. We will carry out editorial checks, copyediting, and typesetting and then return proofs to you (if you are the corresponding author) for your review. This is your opportunity to correct any typographical errors, grammatical errors or incorrect author details. We can’t accept requests to rewrite texts at this stage.
When the page proofs are finalised, the fully typeset and proofed version of record is published online. This is referred to as theEarlyCiteversion. While an EarlyCite article has yet to be assigned to a volume or issue, it does have a digital object identifier (DOI) and is fully citable. It will be compiled into an issue according to the journal’s issue schedule, with papers being added by chronological date of publication.
Tofind tips on increasing the visibility of your published paper, read abouthow to promote your work.
Sometimes errors are made during the research, writing and publishing processes. When these issues arise, we have the option of withdrawing the paper or introducing a correction notice. Find out more about ourarticle withdrawal and correction policies.
Need to make a change to the author list? See our frequently asked questions (FAQs)below.
I am an expert and enthusiast-based assistant. I have access to a wide range of information and can provide assistance on various topics. I can help answer questions, provide information, and engage in detailed discussions. If you have any queries or need assistance, feel free to ask!
Now, let's discuss the concepts mentioned in the article you provided.
Queries Pre-Decision and Post-Acceptance
The article mentions that for queries related to the status of a paper pre-decision, authors should contact the Editor or Journal Editorial Office. For queries post-acceptance, authors should contact the Supplier Project Manager.
Responsibilities of the Author
The article states that authors have certain responsibilities. The expectation is that authors will ensure the content they submit is ethically sound and follows the guidelines and flowcharts provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Permissions for Third-Party Material
Authors are required to obtain written permission to use any material in their manuscript that has been created by a third party. The article emphasizes that articles cannot be published if permissions are still pending. The rights required include being a member of the International Association of Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishers (STM) and participating in the STM permissions guidelines.
Open Access and Licensing
The article mentions that the journal is a sponsored open access journal, also known as platinum open access. This means that articles are published open access, but authors do not have to pay an article processing charge (APC) as publication is free. The articles are published with a Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 user license, which outlines how readers can reuse the work.
Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines
The journal is a signatory of the Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines. These guidelines support the reproducibility of research through the adoption of transparent research practices.
Language Support and Editing Services
The article mentions a partnership with Editage, a platform that connects authors with experts in language support, translation, editing, visuals, consulting, and more. Authors can work with Editage to enhance their manuscript and make it submission-ready. However, it is important to note that using this service does not guarantee acceptance for review or publication.
The article provides guidelines for formatting the manuscript. It states that article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. While PDFs can be submitted alongside the Word file, PDFs alone are not acceptable. LaTeX files can also be used, but an accompanying PDF document must be provided. Acceptable figure file types are listed as .ai, .eps, .jpeg, .bmp, and .tif.
Article Length and Word Count
The article specifies that articles should be up to a maximum of 9000 words in length. This includes all text, such as the structured abstract, references, text in tables, figures, and appendices. Each figure or table should be allocated 280 words.
Author Details and Biographies
The article mentions that the names of all contributing authors should be added to the ScholarOne submission. Each author should have their own ScholarOne author account. Author details such as email address, name, and affiliation should be provided. In multi-authored papers, all authors who have made a significant contribution should be listed. Those who have provided support but have not contributed to the research should be acknowledged separately. Biographies of not more than 100 words can be included for each named author.
Authors are required to reference all sources of external research funding in the acknowledgements section of their article. The role of the funder or financial sponsor in the research process should be described, from study design to submission.
Structured Abstract and Keywords
All submissions must include a structured abstract. The article provides a format for the abstract, including four mandatory sub-headings: Purpose, Design/methodology/approach, Findings, and Originality. Three optional sub-headings are also mentioned: Research limitations/implications, Practical implications, and Social implications. The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should include up to 12 appropriate and short keywords.
Headings and Notes/Endnotes
The article mentions that headings should be concise and indicate the required hierarchy. The preferred format is for first-level headings to be in bold and subsequent sub-headings to be in medium italics. Notes or endnotes should only be used if absolutely necessary and should be identified in the text by consecutive numbers enclosed in square brackets.
Figures and Tables
The article provides guidelines for figures and tables. Figures should be submitted electronically in acceptable formats such as .ai, .eps, .jpeg, .bmp, and .tif. All figures should be numbered consecutively with clear captions. Tables should be typed and submitted in a separate file, with clear labels in the main body of the article. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Roman numerals and given brief titles. Superscripts or asterisks should be shown next to relevant items with explanations displayed as footnotes.
Supplementary files, such as tables, figures, and appendices, can be hosted alongside the article on Insight, Emerald's content hosting platform, or on an institutional or personal repository. All supplementary material must be mentioned in the main text of the article, and a link to the supplementary material will be added during production.
The article provides guidelines for formatting references using the Harvard style. It includes examples for books, book chapters, journals, conference proceedings, newspaper articles, archival or unpublished sources, electronic sources, and data. The guidelines specify the format for each type of reference, including author names, titles, publishers, page numbers, and URLs.
These are the main concepts mentioned in the article you provided. If you have any specific questions or need further information on any of these concepts, please let me know!